Following are the remaining countries of the MENO (Middle East North Africa) region and their racial inequities:

BAHRAIN  Bahrain is in the Middle East. It is a small kingdom on the Persian Gulf. There is a group called Afro-Bahrainis or Americans for Democracy and Human Rights in Bahrain. The AFL-CIO and other groups are concerned over economic reprisals against persons for expressing political opinions, deprived of liberty (international customary law) of nationality resulting in statelessness, abusive conditions for migrant workers, gender-based discrimination, anti-Shi’ite prejudice, preference for recruiting foreign workers, and refusal to fully adhere to the 2014 Tripartite Agreement. It was called upon by the International Labor Organization (ILO) to establish a national plan to eliminate labor discrimination and to ensure lawful equality.                           

However, Bahrain mostly follows Shar’ah Law. Most people living and working there state they earn a larger disposable income and have a higher standard of living. 11% of expats (workers from other countries) report an annual income of over $200,000. It appears that most of the expats are comfortable with living conditions while the other half are not.


Omani_Qaboos_bin_Said_Al_Said_(cropped) OMAN in the Middle East has a hereditary Sultan, 77 year old Sayyid Gaboos bin Said Al Said, who rules the country. The country is situate on a strategic position to the Persian Gulf and Arabic Peninsula and is spared ISIS violence. Oman does not have immense oil resources. Limes, which are grown mostly in the Batinah coastal region and the highland, are its main agriculture for export.

Racism against black migrants prevails and employers treat them as slaves. As slaves, the workers are subjected to death as house employees as well as rape and starvation. People from the Philippines get more pay because they are more white. Their Criminal Law is mainly based on Shari’ah Law.

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES(1)  UNITED ARAB EMIRATES is located in the Middle East and has a Criminal Law which rejects hate speech. Shar’ah Law is permitted to exist within the Islam religion or ideology. Muslims, therefore, are treated differently and are allowed to follow Shar’ah Law.

DJIBOUTI  DJIBOUTI is a country located in North Africa. It is situate between the Gulf of Aden and the entrance to the Red Sea. Afers and Issas from Somalia are the country’s two main ethnic groups. There is a population of 490,000 of which 98% are from the Sunni Tribe. The Sunni branch of Islam does not share in Shari’ah Law. It was a French overseas territory, and France gave the territory back to the country of Djibouti. Refugees poured into the region during civil wars. Djibouti receives foreign assistance as it struggles with the economy. Somali, Arabic, French, and Afar are spoken, but the official languages are Arabic and French.

Shari’ah Law is not applied to the Muslim ideology in this country. Most of the Sunni follow the legal tradition of Shafi’i Law. Human Rights education is taught at the University of Djibouti. This country is doing well with racial discrimination and honors its international obligations. However, there is an intolerance of migrant workers, and most migrants live in camps. Human trafficking is a serious concern in the Red Sea area. Djibouti’s men, women, and children are subjected to forced labor and prostitution. 

TUNISIA  TUNISIA is located in North Africa and has a law to prohibit racial discrimination. The law carries a prison term of up to three (3) years.  The Human Rights Minister is Mehdi Ben Ghabia. 15% of the population of 11 million people are black, but Ben Ghabia stated Tunisia has a population with a beautiful blend of colors which are white, black, and in-between. Sounds like he has a sense of humor. The population is mostly Muslim and follow Shari’ah Law.



What is seen so far in the past posts on racial inequity is that there are inequalities of races everywhere on Earth, but many countries now have laws against it. There are signs the world, mostly, is attempting to equalize the agendas of the people in their country. Spiritually, the conscious awareness of the people is making its mark on societies. It is the responsibility of the 21st Century to forge ahead.

In my next post, I shall leave racial inequality behind temporarily, and pursue the difference between animal and human.

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