RUSSIA is named after the RUS clans from Scandia, now Scandinavia, or East Slavic and Finnic people of Europe. Discussed in “The Larger Spiritual Order & Universal Scheme of Things- Simplified”. Or…you may call them early medieval people called Vikings named “russkaja zemlja” which translates into “Russian Land or Land of Rus”. At that time in 882AD, Russia was part of Europe, and the country was also influenced by trade with the Orient. China is South of Russia. Russia is unique in that some people believe they are part of Asia and some believe they are part of Europe. People are more inclined to be European than Asian. Russia is more specifically in Asia; that is 75% in Asia and 25% in Europe.
Soviet was a political organization. Sovietnik means council of ministers in that political arena. When Bolsheviks did not want to share power, control over other smaller states occurred, and the entire new state became USSR (Union of the Soviet Socialist Republic) or Soviet Union.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was founded in 1922, and its demise was in 1991. The chain of leaders was as follows:
LENIN, whose real name was Vladmir Llyich Ulyanov, seized power in 1917 and founded the Russian Communist Party. It was the end of the Romanov Dynasty. Russia was called Soviet Russia from 1917 to 1924 and Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924. St. Petersburg which was born in 1703 and named after Peter the Great, became Petrograd (due to war with Germany) in 1914 and changed back to St. Petersburg in 1991. It had been named Leningrad after the death of Lenin in 1924 and during World War 1.
STALIN was dictator and ruled by terror from 1919 to 1953 when he died. Russia became the USSR. There was a struggle for power in the Communist Party. Stalin replaced agriculture with state-run farms. All of Russian arts were replaced, churches, destroyed and replaced by Soviet realism. Russian arts included literature, folk dancing, philosophy, classical music, traditional folk music, ballet, architecture, painting, cinema, animation, and politics. Russia had influence on world culture up to this time. By the end of the 1920s, the Soviet Union became disciplined and strictly regulated, and experimentation became the rule. WW2 found them, because they were unprepared, being attacked by Germany, but by 1944, they drove the Germans back to Poland and Berlin fell in 1945.
KRUSCHEV lead the USSR and Communist Party – after Stalin’s death – from 1953 to 1964. He broke with the rigid Communist Party and destroyed or closed numerous churches.
BREZHEV was the leader from 1964-1982.
ANDROPOV of the KGB lead the country from 1982-1984.
CHERNENKO lead from 1984 and 1985.
Note: After Chernenko, Russia was governed by a collective leadership of the Soviet Union, also known as “troika”.
GORBACHEV governed from 1985 to 1991 and was forced to resign. He was the last leader of the Communistic Party of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union began to unravel in 1990, and the Communist Party became popular. The Soviet Union was voted out of existence in 1990 and replaced by the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), and in 1989 elections were held. The Soviet flag was replaced by the Russian tricolor which is three horizontal lines of white, blue, and red.
PUTIN, Vladimir studied law and graduated in 1975 from Leningrad State University located in St. Petersburg. Yeltsin, who governed for a short while, appointed him Prime Minister of RSFSR. He worked with the KGB for 16 years when he entered politics and became President in 1999 and is in his fourth term now. President Putin is classed as one of the most powerful and feared politicians in the world. Some call him a dictator.
Russia is the largest sovereign nation in the world. Most people living in Russia are populated in the European or West part of the country. The largest cities are Moscow and St. Petersburg. In question in today’s world is whether Russia should create links with Asian or with European countries. Soviet culture is dying. People want to have a Russian culture. There is a Russian culture and a Soviet culture, and the people seem to want their Russian culture to return.
Racism in Russia appears mainly in the form of negative attitudes and actions toward people who are not ethnically Russian. The school systems teach that racism is about hatred, and hatred is disreputable. Racism is not about power to the Russians.. There were 350 racist murders in 2004-2008. When the Federation International de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup was played there in 2018 (the French team won). Racism was shown only in the form of making slanted eyes at the Asian fans.
Christianity is dominant especially Orthodoxy. Orthodox Christianity stems from the Roman Catholic Church and Germanizaton which had to do more with German language and Christian policies. The Russian government has a number of laws against religious extremism and to the establishment and development of its spirituality and culture. The Russian Orthodox Church is filling the void. The Orthodox Church takes up 75% of the population while Islam is 5%. Small amounts of Catholicism, Protestant, Judaism, and Buddhism take up the rest.
There was an interesting relationship between the Viking and Muslim Civilizations. A ring found on a Viking woman in ancient burial grounds in Sweden was inscribed with “For/To Allah. Refugees sought safe haven in Sweden. Arabic characters were found on Viking burial garments. The garments were woven with silk and silver threads spelling “Allah” and “Ali”.
Along trade routes, Arab Ahmad Ibn Fadlin wrote about meeting a race called “Rusiuuaj”, or Vikings, more than 1,000 years ago as he traveled across the Russian steppes. There is an interesting article the reader may want to look up on the internet titled “When the Arabs met the Vikings”.
SPIRITUALISM is not found in legislation but in the lives of the Russian people. It is not necessarily practiced in church but in group gatherings. Spiritism, a concept of Spirituality, was developed by Allan Kardec with emphasis on reincarnation. Blavatsky and Destocsky were known Spiritual authors from Russia.
Blessings and Peace to Everyone!