THE MENA REGION OR THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA AS A WHOLE
MENA is the preferred term used to cover the Middle East and North Africa, and it extends from Morocco to Iran. Part of the region may also be located in West Africa. It is part of the African continent but has an Arabic culture.
The predominant countries that are a part of MENA are Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Sometimes included are Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Chad, Cyprus, Djibouti, Eritrea, Georgia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Pakistan, the disputed Sahrawi Democratic Republic, Somalia, South Sudan, and Turkey. Also, the Canary Islands and the Island of Madera may be included.
The MENA region has been in a state of conflict since the Ottoman Empire but has reached its highest peak of conflict in the 21st Century. The reasons are the rise of terrorism, Iran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflict, the United States intervention in Iraq in 2003, the rise of ISIS, the “Arab Spring” which spread war to the entire region such as the Syrian War, Iraq War, Libyan Civil War, Yemeni Civil War, and the Israel-Palestine conflict.
The Israel-Palestine conflict began after World War II when the United States and the United Kingdom gave the land known, at that time, as Palestine, to be shared by two (2) states; that is, Israel and Palestine. The United Kingdom had become the governing factor of the Palestinian land. Later, the United States loaned the United Kingdom money in this regard, and so became responsible for the area along with the United Kingdom. In 1948, it was deemed Israel and Palestine share the area as two (2) states. The United Nations had expressed that it be two states and had kept records of which party did the most positive for the area (such as opening up a business like an electric company, etc.)…which business minds and their ability to make money would make their area a more prosperous and democratic nation within the Middle East. Palestine was located toward the Mediterranean and Israel was located next to Syria. During a subsequent war, Israel took over the Left Bank of Syria and the Golen Heights. Since this time, there have been controversies as to who would get what areas as their country. President Trump is convinced he can negotiate a solution to this problem, and the two states can sign a multilateral agreement.
Racial inequities in the Arab world cover forms of intolerance against non-Arabs. This has caused the region to be called MENA. There are other combinations, but MENA is the predominant name. It comprises Africans, South Asians, Hispanics, and Germanics of the Middle East and North Africa. Not only are ethnic groups included but religious groups are also included in this world phenomenon of racial indifferences, misunderstandings, and denials of culture. Knowing the intricacies of countries involved assist a person to understand the workings that affect situations. Some of the ethnic and religious groups are; namely, Alawites, Armenians, Assyrians, Baha’is, Berbers, Copts, Druzes, Ibadis, Ismailis, Jews, Kurds, Maronites, Sahrawid, Tureq, Turkmen, Yazdid, and Zaidis. Also included in this article are Muslims and Moors.
Serious discussion of ethnic/religious diversity and its place in society is a long-standing taboo in this area. If the existence of non-Arab or non-Muslim groups is acknowledged at all, it is usually only to declare how wonderfully everyone gets along. As expressed by Mona Eltahawy, a columnist for the NY Times, the racism she experienced in metropolitan Cairo has an echo in the Arab world at large where the suffering in Darfur (see continuation of Part 8 in June) goes ignored because its victims are Black and because those who are creating the misery in Darfur are not Americans or Israelis, and we only pay attention when America and Israel behave badly. She stated, in Egypt (continued in June), as well as in the Arab world, there is a culture of silence toward racist incidents which reflects negatively on Arab society.
MOORS are known for their cooped heads who also are sometimes referred to as “wreathed at the temple.” They are mixed Arab, Spanish, and Berber and are known to be Muslim who were located first in North Africa in the Atlas Mountains, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. Morocco was part of Mauritania, at one time, and the Berber clans in this region were called Mauri which became Moor according to one source.
Moors are descendant from Arab and Berber tribes due to intermarriage. The Berbers, also known as Haiks, came from Asia around 3,000 BC and are known to have lighter skin. Some Berber tribes who are known as Kayles had a brownish skin and are probably mixed with Asian. The Moors, even though black skinned, may be known as Arab and are not classified as Black. They later moved into the regions of Portugal, India, Italy, and Spain. To put two and two or three together, it is highly probable that the Moors, Bergers, and Aryan people are very closely related. There is a small Aryan group of people living in Iran. See post dated October 17, 2014, and the treatise Chapters 1 and 3:
Muslims became well established in the 7th and 8th Centuries after the death of Mohammad, the author of the Qu’ran. They crossed the Strait of Gibraltar around 711 AD for the Spanish occupation. The Moors introduced new scientific techniques, geography, and philosophy to Spain. Over the next decades, Berbers and populations from North Africa gradually converted to Islam Differences in religion led to century-long wars with the Christians in Europe. Chapters 3 and 4 of the treatise are about the journies of all major religions and how they connect.
As observed in past and present blogs which were written by this author, the region of the continent of Africa, including MENA, are very delicate in racial inequities both in religion and tribal heritage. Even though the intolerances and inequities of racial discrimination, both religious and in human/tribal characteristics, are worldwide, some of the regions of Africa and MENA have kept a low profile and have not been made known to the world as a whole, in general. Solutions may be discussed and brought to the attention of societies but some people refuse to comply with these solutions or do not want to correct them.
Part 8 shall be continued in the June blog. See you.