THE DETECTION OF THIS UNIVERSE’S GRAVITATIONAL WAVES

blk holes colllide When two black holes collide and

become one, Gravitational Waves shall spread outwards and black holes spin past each other creating light in the Universe

Gravitational Waves were detected on October 17, 2017, by the Lazer Interferometer-Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) and the European Gravitational Observatory Detector (VIRGO). They are similar scientific observatories. Japan and India have similar observation sites. These waves are the ripples or wrinkles in space that were predicted by Einstein when neutron stars explode or black holes collide. The colliding black holes took place 130 million years ago in the constellation Hydra. It is the first time astronomers have matched Gravitational Waves with a visible source. Shown on the image above is the light coming from the collision which are the Gravitational Waves.

Einstein suggested that Gravitational Waves could be a natural outcome of his “general theory of relativity” which states that very massive objects distort the fabric of space and time. The objects spiraling towards each other should wrinkle space-time and send those distortions across the cosmos like ripples spreading across a pond at the speed of light. Many scientists accepted Einstein’s predictions; however, Einstein himself was not totally convinced. He sometimes published papers denying or contradicting his ideas due to the fact that his formulas did not seem to agree.

Einstein announced his theory of relativity in 1916 . It was later called ‘United Field Theory” . The theory was later interrupted by his death, and scientists have been working to complete it ever since as cited in “The Larger Spiritual Order & Universal Scheme of Things-Simplified”, Chapter 5, Wavelength to God. Gravitation is the attraction that matter has for each other. The greater the mass, the greater the distortion. The United Field Theory equation described gravitational interaction of matter with space and time. Einstein also theorized that ALL matter travels through electric or electromagnetic fields. He also suggested that Gravitational Waves and Electromagnetic Energy may be related because a gravitational field interacts with matter and electromagnetic fields also interact with matter.

After Einstein announced his theory of relativity, his mathematical college professor, Minkowski, developed a new way of thinking about space and time which helps to understand how the Universe(s) work. Minkowski announced at a public lecture “The news of space and time which I wish to lay before you have sprung from the soil of experimental physics, and therein lies their strength. They are radical. Henceforth, space by itself, and time by itself, are doomed to fade away into mere shadows, and only a kind of union of the two will preserve an independent reality”.

Space consists of 3 dimensions, and time is 1 dimensional. Space-time must, therefore, be a 4 dimensional and is a continuum. Scientists now routinely consider our world to be embedded in this 4 dimensional continuum, and all events, places, moments in history, actions, etc. are described in terms of their location in space and time. It does not evolve but simply exists.

Gravitational Waves are ripples in the fabric of space-time caused by some of the most violent and energetic processes in the Universe…like neutron stars exploding or black holes merging and exploding. Neutron stars are the most complex explosions. This activity is occurring in all the Universes and not only the Universe belonging to Earth. At all times, the Universes; however, are balanced. Gravitational Waves can penetrate regions of space that Electromagnetic Waves cannot. They can be observed when black holes collide and neutron stars explode in the distant Universe bringing light to the situation

Gravitational Waves disrupt space-time and Electromagnetic Waves do interact in a minor degree. Electromagnetic Waves interact heavily with matter and Gravitational Waves interact weakly with matter so they may interact together but only briefly. Gravitational Waves come from a very high energy source and are detectable by their extremely weak Electromagnetic Waves they send out.

In 1970, scientists, observing a pair of pulsars orbiting one another, indirectly detected Gravitational Waves for the first time (as Einstein’s thoughts predicted). Pulsars form when a massive star collapses and produce powerful beams of light. Pulsars are rotating neutron stars and have very strong magnetic fields and pulses of radiation. At the telescope in Puerto Rico, the team measured the orbits of the two pulsars and determined that the pulsars were moving closer together. For that to occur, the system must have been radiating energy in the form of Gravitational Waves. This prompted a Nobel Prize in physics. However, not until 2015, the LIGO team directly detected Gravitational Waves using a pair of ultra-sensitive detectors. The discovery ended a century of speculation and confirmed Einstein’s original prediction for his relativity theory.

The LIGO facility has two identical L-shaped detectors in Washington State and Louisiana. They employ lasers and mirrors to measure the tiny changes in space-time made by passing Gravitational Radiation. A laser bouncing back and forth between the mirrors keep track of how far apart they are to an almost impossible precise degree.

These observations give Mankind unexpected insight into the cosmos. Gravitational Waves are a new way of “seeing” what happens in space. Events can now be detected that would otherwise have little to no observable light..like black hole collisions. It shall allow scientists to detect events in space that would otherwise leave little to no observable light. Astronomers shall now be able to use Gravitational Waves with more traditional ways of seeing the Universe which shall assist in untangling mysteries about the dense, dead objects known as neutron stars. 

GRAVITATIONAL WAVES FROM NEUTRON STARS

GRAVITATIONAL WAVES FROM NEUTRON STARS

Gravitational Waves distort space-time. By the time these waves reach Earth, they are much smaller than the width of a proton which are particles in an atom’s nucleus described in “The Larger Spiritual Order & Universal Scheme of Things-Simplified”. Most instruments cannot measure these changes in length. Using the Swope and Magellan telescopes in Chile, astronomers recorded the neutron star explosions as it suddenly appeared in a bright spot in visible light and then faded. After about seven days, the spot was no longer detected in visible wavelengths.

It took some time for scientists to get the instruments together to be able to put the technology together. Now it is possible to detect the events, through the light produced by Gravitational Waves, that are taking place in the Universe, when black holes collide and neutron stars explode thereby giving off this observational light. A new science shall open up.

Neutron stars are dead in the sense that they are no longer fusing elements in their cores. So they do not shine like the Sun. A neutron star’s magnetic field can be more than a quadrillion times stronger than Earth’s, and its gravitational field can be a hundred billion times stronger. One would not want to get near to this occurrence!

Thanks to the Gravitational Waves acting as a kind of cosmic alert, astronomers were able to scrutinize the remains of the neutron stars and, therefore, assist in solving an age old debate about the origins of precious metals such as gold and silver and also other heavy metals. It has been thought that most of the Universe’s gold was crafted by the deaths of giant stars exploding, Now scientists have found that the merger of neutron stars ended in an explosion called a “kilonova” that spewed out a cloud of atomic nuclei and created the production of l6,000 Earth’s worth of heavy metals. It is suggested that most of these metals are actually created by neutron stars which have smashed years ago.

RIBBON

 

One Response to “THE DETECTION OF THIS UNIVERSE’S GRAVITATIONAL WAVES”

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  1. Anirudh Kumar Satsangi says:

    Very nice paper.

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