HOMO-SAPIEN (man the wise or wise man)
The above image shows us how a body can be determined from the skeletal remains.
Until recently, it was decided that Homo-Sapiens were roaming the Earth 800,000 to 400,000 years ago. However, since the discovery of the five (5) skulls in the Republic of Georgia (mentioned in the previous Part II post), and if the evidence is confirmed, Homo-sapiens are much older, and perhaps humanoids have been Homo-sapiens throughout all time of humans being in Earth. It is reasonable to think this way inasmuch as people look different from one another today. Why could not the early humanoids look different from one another. The dissimilarity of the bones they left behind may have fooled scientists into thinking they came from different species or humanoid types.
Modern humans evolved simultaneously in all major regions of the Old World from local archaic humans. They co-mingled with humans from Asia and Europe, and they also could have migrated back to Africa. Also, it would be a mistake to think that all humans left Africa; some may have remained and never left Africa.
Humans did not evolve smoothly as a species, but various populations evolved at different rates and according to environmental and genetic circumstances. Because fossils are the remains of individuals who may differ even within populations, one fossil alone, or even a few, do not adequately describe how a population may have evolved. So even though we are not exactly sure how we made it here, WE ARE HERE! As there are many types of people now, so were there then. Different environments create different types. As land masses also changed, so did the migrations. All these situations changed the human species.
All modern human species belong to the Homo-sapien Genus in one form or another. They are attributable to fossil remains in Africa. At that point in time, they had characteristics and habits such as bipedal stance and gait, brain capacity averaging about 82 cubic inches, high forehead, small teeth and jaw, defined chin, the ability to construct and use tools, and the ability to make use of symbols such as used in language and writing. Some of these features describe the sub-species Homo-erectus who also had a form of language coming out of Africa.
Modern humans were found to have reached the Japanese Islands by 30,000 years ago. There is a white complexioned aboriginal people whose habitat is in the Northeastern part of Japan on the island of Kokkaido. These people are called Ainu (which means human) and are classified as an “unspecialized” early Caucasoid race (again this may refer to a connection with the Aryan race). Research has shown that the islands have been inhabited by these people as far back as 10,000 years or more. Scientists believe they are one of the oldest and purest existing people in Earth. As of 2002, the population totaled 15,000. The men have bushy hair and beards while many of the women tattoo their faces with lines that represent beards and enhance the lips of the mouth. They have profuse body hair which is a brunette color. The people are short, a little over five feet tall, with a strong but slender body. Their grass huts are heated by open fires, the women do gardening and housework, and the men mainly fish for a living. Their worshiping appears to be reminiscent of the religion of Shamanism. The younger generation are attending Japanese schools and intermarry with the Japanese so their culture may be disappearing. There are also a few species of this kind in Russia. A legal issue is being pursued between Russia, Japan, and the Ainu people as to who shall govern these islands.
The above depicts male and female Ainu in their hut
Part IV of the Evolution of Mankind shall discuss the Neanderthal or Neandertal sub-species of humanoids and humanity’s new found sub-species, the Denisovans.