EVOLUTION OF MANKIND

PART IV

NEANDERTHAL OR NEANDERTAL (Neandertal is a recent spelling due to the Germanic pronunciation of not sounding the “h”)

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THE UNIVERSE IS IN EACH CELL OF THE HUMAN BODY

Now that it has been speculated Homo-sapien was the first of Mankind in Earth, it would be a good time and place to discuss how Homo-sapien arrived here or was manifested in Earth. Consider the human Soul and Spirit were manifested in a human body by the energies of the Universal Life Force and Universal Mind. Each cell belonging to the human body has the components of the universe(s). The human cell is composed of, fundamentally, molecules. Molecules consist of atoms and atoms consist of particles of proton as the center core of the atom and are positive energy. There is also a neutral plasma or mass with no energy named neutron involved at the center core of the atom.  Electrons, which are negative energy, circle around the nuclei of proton and neutron. These are the components of the universe(s) or electromagnetic energy.

Molecules are also found in trees, sand, and water (to name a few). Consider the Earth circles around the Sun as do the electrons circle around the proton and neutron. We can consider that the Earth is negative energy, and therefore the Sun would be positive energy in this universe. All aspects of the universe(s) contain these negative and positive energies or charges. There are other energies to consider (like quarks, etc.) but these electrons, proton, and neutron are the basic energies, as described in the previous paragraph, and are the fundamentals to consider.

We shall now continue with Neandertals and perhaps a better understanding of the beginning of the human race.

 

It is more reasonable to name all of humanity Homo-sapien, as stated previously, and to name sub-species as periods in time when Homo-sapien progressed into different features, lifestyles, and wisdom. Some statistics state Homo-sapien left Africa 300,000 years ago relative to finding the finger bone of a female which became another sub-species named Denisovans. Denisovans are described, in this blog, following Neandertals. Some camps also relate that the sub-species Homo-heidelbergensis became Homo-sapiens in Africa 130,000 years ago but did not begin their own exodus from Africa until about 60,000 years ago. The time periods, by the different historians, appear to be complex; however, we can hypothesize to a degree.

Fossils were found in Neander Valley near Dusseldorf, Germany. According to the fossils, they appear to have had a hard and brutish life, and their appearance appears to be hunched over the back. They had large bones and large muscles, were short and stocky, had pale skin and red hair (this type of pale skin and red hair was also found on Easter Island). The Neandertal had a larger brain size, and the brain size grew rapidly. A total of 400 remains have been found in Neander Valley. Remains were also found in Spain dating to 400,000 years ago. DNA and bones reflect Neandertal were human-like, and the image below is suggestive of their appearance.

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There is a great degree of overlap between Neandertals and early Homo-sapien in terms of their teeth. The only teeth that appear to group closely with modern humans are the geologically older teeth, and even those fell along the border of Neandertal variation. All modern human species belong to the Homo-sapien genus in one form or another. This is attributable to fossil remains in Africa. At that point in time, they had characteristics and habits such as bipedal stance and gait, brain capacity averaging about 82 cubic inches, high forehead, small teeth and jaw. defined chin, the ability to construct and use tools, and the ability to make use of symbols such as used in language and writing. Some of these features describe the sub-species Homo-erectus who also had a form of language coming out of Africa.

In a cave in Israel east of Tel Aviv, human teeth were found indicating the existence of modern man as early as 400,000 years ago thus proving that modern man may be much older than 400,000 years. These teeth fall into the Neandertal category but look different from the Neandertal teeth found elsewhere. Probably this is attributed to prehistoric breeding. Two sets of teeth were found; one set belonging to occupants of 300,000 to 400,000 years ago, and the other set was more recent between 200,000 and 300,000 years ago. Cave findings seem to convey knowledge of a difference between Homo-sapien out of Africa, hybrids between our lineage and Neandertals, and a unique type of extinct human (could this be the Aryan connection I shall later describe who migrated from Atlantis)? If the cave findings teach anything, the teeth remind us of how much remains to be discovered about human evolution during the past 500,000 years. Also found in Israel, at Qesem a few miles east of Tel Aviv, was a 300,000 year old hearth.

Modern humans and Neandertals stemmed from a common ancestor who lived in Africa about 700,000 years ago. One group of descendants migrated to Europe and developed into Neandertals and later became extinct. Another group stayed in Africa and were the Homo-sapien. The Homo-sapien came out of Africa and interbred with Eurasians. North America was peopled at the same time as land masses were not separated as they are today, and migrations on foot and by varied types of seagoing vessels was possible.

DNA sequence differences between Neandertals and other sub-species indicate that, very likely, there were three (3) different geographical populations of them. These sub-groups lived in Western Europe, Southern Europe, and Southwestern Asia. It is also becoming clear that the Neandertals were not the only archaic human population in Eurasia. It is known that there was a Neandertal occupation in Gorham’s Cave in Gibralter from 2,000 to 24,000 years ago and that Neandertals and modern humans lived simultaneously in Gibralter and nearby areas of Southern Spain for several thousand years. If the radiocarbon dating is correct, it means that Neandertals persisted in Southern Europe for upwards of 4,000 years after they are generally thought to have disappeared. When the Homo-sapien left Africa, some traveled one way and some traveled another path thus splitting up the DNA segments between the Neandertals and the Denisovans.

A 2.4 inch tall sculpture that scientists determined was 35,000 years old and carved out of ivory was discovered in a German cave called Hohle Fels cave. It was determined to be from the Neandertal Era. The sculpture is curvaceous and has neither feet nor a head. It is like some of the roughly 150 so-called Venus figurines found in a range from the Pyrenees Mountains to Southern Russia and dating back about 25,000 to 29,000 years. The carving depicts a woman with a swollen belly, wide-set thighs, and large protruding breasts, and it is the oldest known piece of figurative sculpture in the world. Stones in Israel and Africa almost twice as old are believed to have been collected by ancient humans because they “resembled” people, but they were not carved independently. Below is an image of this sculpture.

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DENISOVANS

This sub-species is named for a Russian hermit who lived at one time in the cave where a female finger and a child’s tooth were found in the Altai Mountains in Siberia. The female fossil was closely related to the Neandertals but was different enough to merit classification as a new species of archaic humans There were at least three different forms of humans found in this area. Could the remains of one be Aryan (discussed in the next blog)?  Neandertal DNA accounts for 1-4% of Eurasia and Denisovan DNA accounts for 4-6% of Melanesian.  

The Denisovans purportedly interbred with Eurasian Melanesians, and when those humans crossed the ocean to reach Paua, New Guinea around 45,000 years ago, they brought their Denisovan DNA with them. Some Melanesian people have dark skin and blonde hair as shown below. They are found to live in the Solomon Islands, Fiji, Australia, and some other island groups.

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Meanwhile in southern Italy, a different team of scientists found two molars that are about 43,000 to 45,000 years old. The teeth were found near shell beads and other ornaments. They had ornaments for the first time in this part of the world . . . like pierced shells and pierced teeth of sometimes dangerous animals like wolves and bears and lions, and a range of different tools that were made out of bone. They may also have used wooden tools, but those are not found frequently. Neandertals also lived around this period, going extinct between 30,000 and 40,000 years ago. Evidence shows a complex web of interbreeding, and the Denisovans may have played a part in this.

It is from the recovered DNA of the female that the unknown form of humanity was named Denisovans. This possible new sub-species of archaic humanity lived at the same time as Neandertals and early humans. They interbred with the Homo-sapien and their sub-species whose descendents would become South Asians and Southwest Pacific islanders. About 1% of the DNA of some populations in South China today and 4-6% of the DNA of New Guineans and other Melanesians was inherited from the Denisovans.

This is a more lengthy blog because I wanted to keep the Neandertals and Denisovans together. The next blog shall be about Early Aryans; a beautiful race that was slandered by Hitler.

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