INTERLUDE- A MODERN EXPLANATION OF ISLAM’S SHARI’AH LAW-PART 2 OF 2

SHARI'AH COUNTRIES

SHARI’AH COUNTRIES

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In regard to radical or extremist Muslims of the Islam ideology, the classical Islamic experts did not approve or legitimize what is known as terrorism. The terrorist practice of suicide bombing “has no justification in terms of the Islamic ideology, law, or tradition. There is a difference if followers of Islam practice Shari’ah Law. Islam does not discriminate between military and civilian targets, but rather between Muslims and non-believers. The non-believers’ blood can be legitimately spilled.

Jihadists interpret Islam laws to mean everyone should be governed under Islam’s Shari’ah. Shari’ah Law is often referred to as “The Way”. Jihad means to be powerful and convince less powerful people that it is to their best interest to follow them. Some scholar’s note that reference to Jihad in the Quran regarding war refers to a time when Islam was under attack by warring tribes in 7th Century Arabia. Islam’s Shari’ah Law maintains strict laws regarding the conduct of war.

Radical supporters of any faith may interpret their faith in an extreme way…sometimes not according to the religion’s intent. Islam’s prophet, Mohammed, advised, according to reputed narrator Al Bukkari, “Do good deed properly, sincerely, and moderately. Always adopt a middle, moderate, regular course whereby you will reach your target of paradise.” The word moderation is mentioned many times in the prophet’s speeches

As of now, Islamic law is not conforming with modern society although it “appears” Muslims living in the United States do not follow Shari’ah Law. However, that reasoning could change any time. Perhaps Muslims especially need to reform their religion as Martin Luther did with Catholicism. He did not like some of their religious rites and also did not agree with their asking for money for their religious rites. This was the reason for the breakaway from Catholicism and naming the new religion Reformed and later another religion named Lutheran.

Opinions differ sharply on such subjects as prayer habits, attire, celebration of Muslim holidays, and how children should behave and dress. For example, a woman choosing to walk down a street in Tehran without covering her hair and body would be considered radical, but in another Muslim country, such as Turkey, it would not be considered radical.

VEIL  A topic that inspires controversy regarding moderate or radical practices is the choice of Muslim women to cover their hair, face, and body. The Quran commands women and men to be modest in manner and states that women should cover their beauty in public and “draw their veils over their bosoms.” The verses are not specific regarding whether women’s hair should be covered although the prophet’s wives reportedly covered their hair, and many Muslims believe that is necessary. The word “veil” was also used more generally in religious sects to refer to a curtain concealing women or to her general style of dress. This vagueness has resulted in varied interpretations from covering the body and leaving the hair exposed to covering everything except the eyes. Looks like a good idea for someone, male or female, to hide under that costume.

Rape is considered a crime in all countries, but Shari’ah courts in Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Morocco, Syria, and Tunisia, in some cases, allow a rapist to escape punishment by marrying his victim. In other cases, the victim who complains is often prosecuted with the crime of adultery.

Shari’ah authorizes slavery using the words “slave” and the phrase “that which your right hand owns” to refer to women slaves, seized as captives of war. Muslim men could have sexual relations with female captives and slaves. In Africa, and elsewhere, a non-Muslim female slave who bore children to her Muslim “master” became legally free upon her master’s death, and her children were presumed to be Muslims like their father. Starting with the 20th Century, Western legal systems evolved to expand women’s rights, but women’s rights under Islamic law have remained tied to the Quran and their fundamentalist interpretation by Islamic experts.

Muslim history discourages record keeping and delays the introduction of modern accounting. These factors alone have played a significant role in retarding economic development in the Middle East. It is debated and doubtful that Shari’ah courts could be integrated into the American religious arbitration system if they adopt requirements as American rabbinical courts have done. For all of America, it is doubtful this would work.

United States bills aimed against use of Shari’ah Law have been introduced into some states and have passed in a few of them. These bills have generally referred to banning foreign or religious law in order to not allow challenges. Scholars state Shari’ah is not compatible with democracy particularly where the country’s constitution demands separation of religion and the democratic state. On the other hand, the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam promotes free speech with Shari’ah Law. The Declaration states “Everyone shall have the right to express his opinion freely in such manner as would not be contrary to the principles of the Shari’ah.” Often members of religious minorities are being lynched, killed, and incarcerated in Muslim nations on flimsy accusations of insulting Islam.

RIBBON

Is it time for the Earth and its people to move forward in a “Spiritual Way” in the 21st Century? The “Spiritual Way” encompasses all religious people who have found a personal connection to a Universal God through Spirit. The Spiritual outlook for the different areas of the World relies on how the World relates to their personal relationship to the aspects of God and/or their higher Spiritual belief system. The “Spiritual Way” is to understand how the Universal forces or energy work, and this is mostly accomplished by meditation. To be able to assist people in finding a comfortable way to Universal knowledge, the uncomfortable or unpleasant situations within the World that are occurring now need to be understood. As the World turns, so do the Spiritual aspects of life unfold with the truths of the reality of being. By accomplishing this, a person shall be more free to truly understand why they are born in Earth. They shall be more free to understand the gifts of the Universe such as the knowledge that Thomas Edison, in his Spiritual intuitiveness, had in regard to electricity in addition to many more intuitive scientists. This is explained in “The Larger Spiritual Order & Universal Scheme of Things-Simplified“. If more hue-man Minds are not Spiritually adjusted by Spiritual thoughts, Love for humankind cannot by fully understood.

homo-luminous

We shall return to the MENA (Middle East North Africa) countries and their relationship to Islam next month.

BLESSINGS & THE BEST FOR 2018

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MAY THE SPIRIT OF JESUS THE CHRIST’S LOVE FLOW THROUGH EVERYONE

Christ was not Jesus’ last name, but he was and is a Christ. Buddha was a Christ, and a few men before him were Christs. Jesus followed his teachings and used this knowledge of Love to go forward with his additional knowledge. Years ago, a last name that was given to people was by their occupation. His family occupation was carpenter. Could that have been his last name?  And, by the way, carpenters were highly respected and capable of high earnings when Jesus was born.                                                                                  

Jesus the Christ was born to show the world’s people their spiritual nature. Jesus was born to Mary, but she was intuitively informed before the birth that she was to be the mother of a Christ. She was of a highly spiritual nature herself to understand this. He came back to Earth after having left it in full view. He came back to show his disciples of  this spiritual nature so that they could begin teaching this knowledge.

Love Jesus as he so loved the world. All the world’s people have this ability to be intuitive, but much study must be done to have the knowledge that Jesus had. Go for it!! It is the most beautiful journey you shall ever take.

The human race has been given more spiritual awareness to rise to this endeavor in this 21st Century. Do not forget…uncomfortable events need to occur in order to know the comfortable…the good and bad of it All. 

I would like to have a picture to show of Jesus the Christ. I saw a painting of Him in Gruene, Texas at an art colony, and  I believe the likeness was shown to this artist. It reflected what a highly intuitive friend of mine observed in a meditation she had. Jesus’ hair was short cropped to his lower ears. I have since wished I had purchased this painting. Alas, I did not, and I am wondering if anyone else was given the privilege of observing this. I read in the book “The Life and Teachings of the Masters of the Far East” that if we would observe Jesus in a large crowd, we would not recognize him. I read this in my first reading of this book of five (5) volumes, and after four (4) other readings, I could not find this passage. When I am ready to observe this again, I shall be a happier being. Patience is a good attribute.

Religion is by Man; Spiritual is by God (the tenderly flowing energy of Love and intuitive knowledge received when meditating). Each person shall find this in their own personal spiritual journeys. To assist them, I authored the treatise with No’el (which name means “the beginning”) who is one of my spiritual mentors. See the treatise “The Larger Spiritual Order & Universal Scheme of Things-Simplified” at

http://www.amazon.com/Larger-Spiritual-Universal-Scheme-Simplified/dp/1496012755/

INTERLUDE-A MODERN EXPLANATION OF ISLAM’S SHARI’AH LAW-PART 1 OF 2

=HEADING ISLAM IMAGE

Deep racial problems weaken a country. While a country is weakened, ISIS and others step in and cause problems… sometimes beyond belief. Racial supporters of any faith may interpret their faith in an extreme way…sometimes not according to the religion’s original intent. Islam’s prophet Mohammed advised, according to reputed narrator Al-Bukhari, “Do good deed properly, sincerely, and moderately…always adopt a middle, moderate, regular course whereby you will reach your target of paradise”. The word “moderation” is mentioned many times in the prophet’s speeches. Since the MENA region is inundated with Islam’s Shari’ah Laws, with pockets of the area’s own relationship to the Law, an interlude shall be taken from the topic of racial inequity of the region. However, Shari’ah may also interfere with racial inequity which situation is becoming more and more the reason for the law of the land.

APOSTASY IN ISLAM  Apostasy varies with countries, but the original intent was that a Muslim converting to another religion may be punished by execution. There is a need to understand the Muslim laws throughout the world because the laws do vary in different parts of the world. It appears ideologies change within different countries. If a certain group of Muslims would conquer a country, would they then refer back to the Quran explicitly since the laws change whenever it is determined they should change? It is “the way” or “the path” whichever the people decide at the time.

In Arabic, Shari’ah refers to God’s immutable or unchanging divine law and is contrasted with human scholarly interpretations. The manner of its application in modern times has been a subject of dispute between Muslim traditionalists and reformists. Traditional actions are mandatory, recommended, neutral, reprehensible, and forbidden. It is a sin or crime to perform a forbidden action, and reprehensible acts should be avoided and also considered not a crime or punishable in court. Avoiding reprehensible acts can be rewarded in the afterlife while allowed actions receive no judgment from God. Reformists in modern times who are scholars and experts sought to adapt Islamic law to changing social conditions such as reform of women’s rights, justice, freedom, and human dignity rights.

Arab-speaking people of the Middle East believe Islam is a prophetic religion of Moses and Shari’ah can mean “our religion”. However, for many Muslims, the word simply means “justice”, and they shall consider any law that promotes justice and social welfare. This then promotes Islam as an ideology and not a religion. The word sari’ah was widely used by Arab-speaking Jews during the Middle Ages. It was the most common translation for the word “torah” in the 10th Century Arabic Old Testament known as “Sa Adya Gaon”. A similar use, or the term, can be found in Christian writings. The Arabic expression Shari at Allah (God’s Law) is a common translation for “God’s Law in Hebrew”…also in God’s Law in Greek in the New Testament of Romans 7:22. In Muslim literature, sari ah designates the laws or message of a prophet of God…in contrast to “figh” which refers to a scholar’s interpretation.

TRADITIONAL ISLAM  A TRADITIONAL VIEWPOINT

MODERN ISLAM  A MODERN VIEWPOINT

Because of these laws, these ideological viewpoints would be considered a form of government and not a religion. In the modern era, these laws were more commonly replaced with European practice. While the constitution of most Muslim-majority states contain references to Shari’ah, its classical rules were largely retained only in personal or family related circumstances. In the 20th Century revival of Islam, there were calls by Islamic movements to receive traditional laws which would include “stoning”. A topic that inspires controversy regarding radical practices is the choice of Muslim women to cover their hair, face, and body. The Quran commands women and men to be modest in manner and states that women should “cover their beauty in public and draw their veils over their bosoms”. The verses are not specific regarding whether women’s hair should be covered although the prophet’s wives reportedly covered their hair, and many Muslims believe this is necessary. The word “veil” was also used more generally in religious texts to refer to a curtain concealing women or to her general style of dress. This vagueness has resulted in varied interpretations from covering the body and leaving the hair exposed to covering everything except the eyes.

Wahhabism, the state Islamic sect of Saudi Arabia, and Salafian, a popular Islamic sect in the MENA region, are examples of radical interpretations of Islam. Both sects played a part in influencing the violent ideology of Al-Queda and Osama Bin Laden. These ideologies are not accepted by mainstream Muslims who view them as extreme and inaccurate to Islam and to principles of human rights.

Attempts to impose Shari’ah around the world on non-Muslims have caused violence in such places as Nigeria and Sudan. Israel, some parts of Africa, and Europe recognize Shari’ah for their Muslim populations, but bans have been passed in North America on the use of these laws. It is debatable whether the law is compatible with forms of government, human rights, freedom of thought, and women’s rights. Muslim ideologies change within different countries. If Muslims then were to conquer a country, would they then refer back to the Quran and its Shari’ah laws explicitly .

MOSQUE  Mosques with a dome feature are being built under the guise of religion when they may in fact be an ideology with laws within its jurisdiction either in print or in its ideology. There are differences between Islamic and Western legal systems. For example, Shari’ah classically never developed the concepts of a legal corporation or a legal person, and it only covers  an individual. It does not cover the legality of the corporate world’s liabilities of its managers, shareholders, and employees who can own assets, sign contracts, and appear in court through representatives. Muslim history discourages record keeping and delays the introduction of modern accounting. These factors alone have played a significant role in regarding economic developments in the Middle East.

Some scholars claim Shari’ah Law allows religious freedom because a verse teaches “there is no compulsion in religion”, some teach apostasy as sin punishable with death, and other religions as infidels who must be put to death, enslaved or be ransomed, and other scholars suggest Shari’ah has become a product of human interpretation and inevitably leads to disagreements about the “precise contents of the law”. In the end, what Shari’ah means is governed by a group of clerics and/or government. It is the differing interpretations of this law that explain why many Islamic countries have laws that restrict and criminalize the attempt of any religion or religious individual to covert to a different point of religious view. The Bible, or similar books, also have their complexities. The Spiritual awareness of a higher reality of being such as found in “The Larger Spiritual Order & Universal Scheme of Things-Simplified” is mostly lost in consideration.

If people are more knowledgeable about the complexities of the Islam faith in its worldly forms, people may be more understanding about Islam. The uncomfortability of the inhuman phases or forms of Islam can then be more completely and effectively understood with its reasoning of good and bad. However, it is very debatable that it is an ideology and not a religion.

For a more broader explanation of Shari’ah Law, please see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharia   

THE HUMAN RACE & RACIAL INEQUITY-PART 8 -continued-

anti-apartheid

MOROCCO  is in the region of North Africa. This country has been in the news lately due to discrimination occurring in the area called the Rif. The region refers to the Rif Mountains at AL-HOCEIMA on Morocco’s  Mediterranean coast (see top of map). The area is mostly inhabited by Berbers (explained in the 5/20/2017 post). The Berbers feel there have been official abuses and corruption, and they have not been supported by the government. The central government of Morocco is in Rabat.

During the Arab Spring movement of 2/20/11 through the Spring of 2012, Morocco’s women protested against abuses and corruption.  There were calls mainly for reforms, a new constitution, a more democratic government, basic human rights, and an improvement of the quality of life. The Arab Spring movement may have lost its momentum in recent years, but its legacy is still alive in terms of organizing tactics and aspiration. Instead of understanding what caused the poor people to rise up, many Moroccans are stating the protesters are attempting to cause chaos. Civil society leaders and intellectuals have come out to condemn the government’s use of force and crackdowns of activists.

Many people from the Rif region have left the area for Europe to better their life. They return only to temporarily build homes for their retirement or to use the houses for vacation. Perhaps the lack of trust for the political establishment is what is really  behind the recent protests in Morocco, and what is occurring now in 2017 is not completely disconnected from the Arab Spring movement.

ZEFZAFI

ZEFZAFI

There have been protests and a movement known as the Popular Movement (al-Hirak-al-Shaabi) has emerged led by Nasser Zefzafi. At 39 years of age, Zefzafi used internet videos to express his fiery views, and he and dozens of protesters numbering approximately 70 have been arrested and jailed. In addition to the Popular Movement (MP), two other movements, among many more, are predominate; namely, the Socialist Union of Popular Forces (USFP) and Islamic Justice and Development Party (PJD). The country is aspiring to be a democracy. Members of political parties are calling for the immediate release of all the Hirak protesters who were arrested. After the arrest of Zefzafi, 600 lawyers volunteered to defend the detainees demonstrating that the Hirak movement has the backing of different components of the Moroccan society.

The recent web of protests began after Zefzafi interrupted a preacher’s sermon at a mosque in Al-Hoceima. He called the preacher a “liar” and asked whether mosques are built to serve God or those in power. He was then arrested with claims he had”obstructed, in the company of a group of individuals, the freedom of worship”. Yet many believe, by stating that religion should not be used for political ends, Zefzafi was actually attempting to protect the sanctity of the mosque as a place of worship. He was also criticized for the lack of structure and eloquence in his intervention at the mosque, but he is not a highly educated person. However, even though he was not well-educated, the people of the Rif region designated him to be their leader because he represents an alternative to the well-polished speeches of politicians whom he considers to be pawns.

King_Mohammed_VI  KING MOHAMMED VI

It remains to be seen how the country shall evolve from this difficult turn of events. Today, Moroccan authorities have accused Zefrafi and his supporters of “undermining the security of the state”. King Mohammed VI was sensitive to the movement and offered constitutional reforms and and elections. The king is of Arabic Berber descent and follows the Islamic religion. He is a direct descendant of the Islam prophet Mohammed. The wars in such countries as Syria and Libya put a damper on a large scale change of government.

libya  has a modern day slave market for its economy, and human trafficking has reached horrific numbers. Even before Qaddafi, migrants from sub-Saharan Africa (African countries below Libya and the Sahara desert) came to Libya for economic reasons and a way through to Europe. Qaddafi not only funded the African Union but proposed an even more ambitious idea called “The United States of Africa” which never came to be. Upon the death of Qaddafi in 2011 in Sirte, the self-appointed National Transitional Council (NTC) and its fighters was formed to end racism, discrimination, and terrorism and to be substituted with equality, justice, peace, and freedom. The council lasted for ten (10) months from February 2011 to October 2011. Opposition fighters captured Tripoli and took over the country until today. Libya is part of North Africa, and it is considered part of the MENA region; therefore, it is part of the Arab region and separated from the sub-Saharan African region.

Sub-Saharan illegal migrants and refugees are pictured begging for their release in one Surman Detention Centre. The Centre's Director (not pictured) stands in front of the cell, threatening to beat them with a stick if they do not calm down. The detainees freeze in panic. Surman, Libya.

Libya is a marketplace for human lives. Sub-Saharan migrants came north to Libya to participate in Libya’s  oil wealth. They endured the resentment of Libya’s Arab population so they could send money home to their families. The Arabs regarded blacks as their inferiors and do not like dark skins. There is no recognizable government in control of the country. This void then has been taken over by armed groups such as ISIS that is making it their headquarters, and al-Qaeda and Boko Haram….all of which compete for territory.

Men and women are living in warehouses, prisons, and courtyards. In addition, they are sold from smugglers to militia to traffickers, and back again…they operate as a network. The men and women are often paying for this transactions. They may be placed on a boat going to Europe after many months or years of this situation occurring. Mainly dark skinned people face discrimination, and a person who speaks the Arab language is preferred.

According to a study by the International Organization for Migration, half of the migrants who reached southern Italy state they had been held against their will in Libya (often for a ransom), and it took more than six (6) months to arrive in Europe. The journeys began at home or from the Horn of Africa where they fled political persecution in places like Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, or Sudan, or from Senegal, Nigeria, or the Ivory Coast located in sub-Saharan Africa.

A United Nations official stated three million migrants have arrived into Libya, and perhaps more than 60% stay in the country as servants who earn their way out of detention centers or a way out by boat. These migrant people are not just smuggled but are bought and sold on a daily basis while the detention centers serve as distribution points. According to human rights activists, the centers are controlled by Arab militia who traffic in black bodies which may be referred to as slavery. These militia also control the surrounding sea. Since 2011, there is no money in the banks, and public workers go unpaid. The black market is booming. Libya’s economy has deteriorated into a primitive state…in addition to oil, it now trades in the market of humans.

The world is full of strife. It is difficult to understand that God’s aim and purpose for Planet Earth is to have people understand and love one another. Understanding and knowing the racial inequities around the world shall assist in balancing for the good of Mankind. 

See http://www.The Larger Spiritual Order & Universal Scheme of Things-Simplified, Chapter 10.

 

THE HUMAN RACE & RACIAL INEQUITY-PART 8-continued-

anti-apartheid

AFGANISTAN  has two (2) major tribal societies residing there; that is, Pashtun and Hazara. Pashtun is the largest ethnic or cultural group. Pashtun or Afghan is based on Islam and Pashtunwali. Pashtunwali (or Pakhtunwali) is an ancient self-government tribal system that regulates nearly all aspects of Pashtun life ranging from community to personal levels. Concepts of Pashtunwali continue to be followed by many Pashtuns especially in rural areas. The Pashtuns speak Pashto and Pashtun is their mode of dress. They are often referred to as ethnic “Afghans”. The earliest mention of the name Afghan was used to refer to a common legendary ancestor known as “Afghans” and also has been referred to the family of King Saul of the Hebrews. A village which was known as Saul was located near Gardez in Afghanistan in which there lived “Afghans”. A traveling scholar named Ibn Battuta in the early 1300s described Kabul, Afghanistan as a village inhabited by a tribe of Persians called Afghans.

Pashtuns are non-Arabic speaking Muslims. Many Pashtuns want to reclaim their identity from being lumped in with the Taliban and international terrorism which is not directly linked with Pashtun culture and history. The culture also flows into India. The overwhelming majority of Pashtuns are Sunni.

Pashtunwali means “way of the Pashtun”. It is pre-Islamic. Pashtunwali culture to the Pashtun people is stronger than religion or ideology. However, Islam laws are considered supreme and supersedes tradition and culture. If Pashtuns follow Islam and Pashtunwali, would they then follow the Shari’ah Law of Islam. This would cause confusion, to say the least, and cause clashes when considering disputes.

The Hazara people are discriminated against by Pashtuns and struggle for recognition. They live mainly in the center of Afghanistan. Genghis Khan was of the Hazara tribal culture. Their dialect is of the Persian language and are mainly of the Shi’a (sometimes called Shiites) tribe. In the late 1900s, a Pashtun king ordered killing of all Shi’a people leaving tens of thousands dead. Man fled to Iran and are fleeing to Europe. They were granted legal rights in 2004  but do not feel protected by the government.

PAKTHAS

PAKTHAS FROM THE RIG VEDAS (OR RGVEDA) OF THE HINDU VEDAS

Historians believe the Pashtun origin and early ancestors began from various ancient people called Pakthas between the 2nd and 1st millennium BC. These people are now spread among the countries of Pakistan (which had been part of India) and Afghanistan. The Pashtuns have written accounts of their family tree but the Semites did not keep written records (see next two paragraphs). According to the Encyclopaedia of Islam, there is a theory of Pashtun descent from Israelites (actually Hebrew race) which could have occurred when they were separated by war. This story may contain a clue to the remarkable theory of the Jewish origin of some of the Afghan tribes which is persistently advocated in the Persian-Afghan chronicles.

There have also been legends of descent from the Ten Lost Tribes after groups converted to Christianity and Islam. Ibn Buttuta relates that Yusufzai in Pashto translates to the “son of Joseph” which is also termed one of the Hebrew Semitic tribes separated by war for a time. They were later united.

As related in “The Larger Spiritual Order & Universal Scheme of Things-Simplified”, Chapter 3, The Sacred Journey of Primitive Religions”, the twelve (12) Hebrew tribes separated into two (2) tribes due to a war caused by racial conflicts with other races. Ten (10) tribes split into the Ten Tribe House and two (2) tribes became the Two Tribes of Judah. The Two Tribes of Judah were taken in exile to Mesopotamia/Babylon and were later returned to the Ten Tribe House. When the Persians conquered Babylonia around 538BC, the Two Tribes of Judah were allowed to return to the Ten Tribe House. These twelve (12) tribes were nomadic and kept no records and later took stories from the Vedic/Aryan records. Israel actually refers to the beginning of the human race which means “a pure ray of light” according to the Aryans. The twelve (12) tribes of the Semites are actually called Hebrews. Some of the Hebrew tribes settled in the Afghanistan region.

In Afghanistan, the decades of war and the rise of the Taliban caused considerable hardship among Pashtun women as many of their rights were curtailed by a rigid interpretation of Islamic law. Due to numerous social hurdles, the literacy rate remains considerably lower for Pashtun females rather than for males. However, following recent elections, the proportion of female representatives is one of the highest in the world.

Xenophobia may play a part in hostility towards Pashtun people or anything related to Pashtun culture in general. They are the largest culture in Afghanistan. There is rivalry for power and influence between the Pashtun majority and the minority Persian-speaking ethnic groups of Afghanistan which would include the Hazara culture. However, the situations were usually among the rulers. This could be because of Afghan dynasties such as the Durrani Empire, although Pashtun by origin, had been Persianized, and it neutralized any ethnic culture. The Rabanni government which ruled Afghanistan in the early and mid-1990s was viewed by the Taliban as corrupt, anti-Pashtun, and was responsible for civil war.

The Pashtuns remain a predominantly tribal people but the trend of urbanization has begun to change Pashtun society in cities such as Kabul. However, the people still identify themselves with various tribes. The tribal system is divided into groups which in turn are divided into smaller groups which consist of several extended families.

HINDU KUSH RANGE  The land of the Pashtuns was south of the Hindu Kush mountains which belongs to the Himalayan parent range. The range is near the Afghan-Pakistan border from central Afghanistan to northern Pakistan. This area at one time referred to Pashtuns but now it refers to every citizen of the State of Afghanistan since the Afghan Constitution of 1964.

 

In this picture taken on Thursday, April 17, 2014, an Afghan boy walks through a poppy field to harvest opium, the main ingredient in heroin, in the Khogyani district of Jalalabad, east of Kabul, Afghanistan. This year’s bumper crop represents one of the most tangible and visible failures of U.S. policy in Afghanistan, as the American-led military force prepares to withdraw by the end of this year. (AP Photo/Rahmat Gul)

FIELD OF POPPIES

OPIUM was forbidden under Islam law for the mullahs (Muslim clergy or religious leadership of Afghanistan) to cultivate opiates but they grow it anyway. It is being grown by over three (3) million people as of 2014 (more now). Opium defeated the United States in Afghanistan, and its production and sale to the United Sates provides a war of its own. The proceeds have probably financed the Taliban and Al Qaeda. The United States spent billions of dollars to stop the growth of opium but it did not stop business as usual. Shall the new contribution of United States troops or warriors to the country halt the growth of poppies and the financing of Taliban and Al Qaeda? Perhaps if the United States burns the fields!! People grow it because they like what it buys for them personally…TVs, new houses, etc…those who had motorbikes have a car and those who had one wife now have two wives. Poppy fields could provide a major problem in the forthcomng Afghanistan war and the racial differences it may provide.

BUDDHA  BUDDHA STATUES OF BAMIYAN were not completely destroyed by the Taliban in Afghanistan. There is now a 3D light projection of a Buddha in the area of the ruins.

PAKISTANPAKISTAN and its location to Afghanistan is shown. It has the second largest Pashtun culture. The Pashtun tribes and clans range from approximately 150 to 400. Pashtun culture is mostly based on the Pashtunwali tribal system and the use of the Pashto language. The Pakistan Jews and Afghan Jews have largely relocated to Israel and the United States.

KARACHI

Some sections of the Urdo-speaking community had anti-Afghan feelings or discrimination. The Urdo language developed in the northern part of India and is influenced by Arabic, Persian, and Turkish languages. These sentiments caused anti-Afghan riots in the beautiful city of Karachi in 1986. There was an increased migration to Karachi including Afghan migrants from Afghanistan due to the Soviet invasion and war with Afghanistan from 1979-1989. This disturbed Karachi’s sensitivity of particular groups within the population and brought about a violent competition for land, jobs, and economic control of the city. The cause was the influx of black money, narcotics, and illegal trade. 

Racial inequities have been occurring for thousands of years in these areas. It would be a Spiritual blessing if they would become more balanced in this 21st Century.

ALL TOGETHER NOW

THE HUMAN RACE & RACIAL INEQUITY-PART 8-continued-

TURKEY, IRAQ, IRAN  Use Ctrl + to enlarge

TURKEY & ITS RELATIONSHIP TO SYRIA, IRAQ, & IRAN

There are mainly three (3) religious groups of people residing in Turkey…Christians, Cryptos, and Muslims. The Cryptos are Christians that have a secret practice while publicly following another faith. Some people have a fear of making their faith known due to Turkish extremists. Muslims are of the Islam faith or ideology, and Islam is the main religion in Turkey, and it has connections to the Sunni sect who also promote ISIS, see previous post for details.

The Turks, who follow the Sunni tribal connection, are of an ancient Anatolian background from the Ottoman Empire era. They are the largest ethnic group living in Turkey. There is also a language called Turkic. The Turks want a pure Islamic state and discriminate against non-Turkish ethnic minorities such as Armenians, Assyrians, Greeks, Kurds, and Jews. The Turks also have hostility towards minority tribes; namely, Zazas, Alevis, Sufis, and Shiites which date back to pre-Islamic eras of Biblical scriptures, Spiritual practices, and folk religions. See “Racism in Turkey.”

osman 1 kingdom  The Ottomans were a tribe established  in ancient Anatolia, and it was named for the Kingdom of Osman 1, pictured. Osman was a leader of the Ottoman Turks and founder of the Ottoman Dynasty. Islam became the religion of these people after the conquest of Constantinople in 1453 which mainly had Christian ideals while Constantine was its leader. The Sunni Tribe or Turks of the Middle East became followers of Islam. The Tanzimat Reforms in the 19th Century equalized all Ottoman citizens by law. Until now, after all this time period since the Ottoman Empire, there is still discrimination taking place.

After World War 1 and the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, western allies made provisions to have a Kurdish state in 1920 with the Treaty of Sevres. Three (3) years later with the Treaty of Lausanna which set boundaries of modern Turkey, there were no provisions made for a Kurdish state which left the Kurds a minority status. Any moves by the Kurds since than hat been brutally quashed. There is a deep hostility between the Turkish state and Kurds since then. The Kurds are against an Islamic state which causes a deep hostility between the Turks and Kurds. This situation causes a true racial inequity “caused by religion.” 

BLUE MOSQUE

BLUE MOSQUE OR SULTAN AHMED MOSQUE WAS BUILT BY KURDS ON OR ABOUT 1609 AND COMPLETED ON OR ABOUT 1616 IN ISTANBUL

The Kurds are of the indigenous people of the Mesopotamia plains and are considered to be the largest stateless national group in the world. They total about thirty (30) million in the region. These ancient tribes now inhabit and spread throughout a mountainous region in northern Iraq, northeastern Syria, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey, and southwestern Armenia. They are a non-Arab people whose language belongs to the Iranian group of languages (Persian) and have suffered from persecution under the Ba-ath arty (socialist) of Iraq and Syria since the departure of British and French forces in the late 1940s. Turkey is an ally of the United States but the Kurdish situation needs to be resolved by Turkey.

The Armenian population, mostly in Istanbul, at one time totaled two (2) million in 1914. Because of a genocide, due to political and security reasons, occurring in 1915, it is now 50,000 to 70,000. They compose 15% to 20% of the population. The conflict was between the Armenians and the Turks. In 2011, the Turkish government gave Armenians the right to send their children to Turkish schools but students do not receive diplomas because they are not Turkish citizens. A report in 2015 states that the curriculum of schools continue to depict “Armenians and Greeks as the enemies of the country.” Although it was possible for Armenians to achieve status and wealth in the Ottoman Empire, as a community, they were accorded a status as second-class citizens and were regarded as fundamentally alien to the Muslim character of Ottoman society. Racism and discrimination in Turkey can be traced back to the Ottoman Empire.

For more information about the Armenians, see “Armenians in Turkey” on the internet.

For more information about the Kurds, see “Who are the Kurds” on the internet.

KURDISTAN  The Kurds want to create a homeland called Kurdistan which is now in Iraq. Kurdistan is not a country “now” but the Kurdish people want to establish this as an independent state. Kurdistan now is split into two (2) groups…Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union (PUK).

The people of ancient Mesopotamia, Babylon, Assyria, and Akkad are explained more fully in Chapter 3 of “The Larger Spiritual Order & Universal Scheme of Things-Simplified.” They were known as Sumerians of Sumer (later Babylon). This clan settled in southern Mesopotamia. The Akkadians of Akkad settled in northern Mesopotamia. The Assyrians from the nation of Assyria, located in the area of western Asia, also settled in northern Mesopotamia, and this tribe was peopled with many races. A tribe is made up of numerous clans, and a clan is an expanded family. The Semites were also part of this arrangement and this is better explained in Chapter 3, “The Sacred Journey of Primitive Religions” in the treatise “The Larger Spiritual Order & Universal Scheme of Things-Simplified.” Chapter 10 is about “The Creation of Mankind-The Master Design.”

The latest conflict between Kurdish and Turkish people…Kurdish being the insurgent groups and Turkish being the government…is that the Kurds’ conflict is with ISIS while the Turks represent the Sunnis or ISIS situation with Syria. Armenians, or Kurds, also did terrible things to Turks during wars which the Turks now remember. Hate crimes are mainly against Armenians. The Assyrians also share a similar fate to that of Armenians. Assyrians historically could not become civil servants in Turkey, and they could not attend military schools, become officers in the army, or join the police. Turks barred Greek citizens from a series of thirty (30) trades and professions from tailoring and carpentry to medicine, law, and real estate. The Greek minority continues to encounter problems relating to education and property rights.

QATAR  QATAR has a long history of being on the same side as Turkey in regard to conflicts. Turkey is deploying troops to Qatar in the latest conflict with Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Comores, Egypt, Maldives, Mauritania, Senegal and the United Arab Emirates. These countries are breaking diplomatic ties with Qatar because Qatar is supplying support for terrorism., and they are blocking Qatar Airways from their airspace. However, Qatar is finding airspace from Iran by using their airspace. The humanitarian crises deepens as peaceful negotiations are ongoing to resolve the situation. Qatar is seeking compensation from these countries.    

Islam of the Sunni sect is Qatar’s state religion. Asian and African workers are not treated well, and it is stated there is a system of slavery and oppression for people who come to Qatar to work. 19.8% of the Christians living here are a mix of European, North and South American, and Asian. Some Mideast and African people who are living outside of their native country are also working in Qatar.

Many reasons for racial inequities are the rebellion against religions made by humans. Perhaps more Spiritualism (which encompasses people from all religions) should be introduced to the world and its people. Religion has a power by leaders while Spiritualism has a power by God or the electromagnetic energy of the Universal Life Force. Terrorism has no religion.                    

If terrorism is not checked, religious and spiritual freedom is at risk. America was built on the Love of God. Because of this, America has been the leader of the world since the inception of its Constitution. This 21st Century is the time in history when millions of Souls who are ready to be enlightened shall be given more energy from the Universe to do so. This shall be of tremendous assistance to the world’s racial inequities.

TURKEY

On a lighter note, a bird from Madagascar made it to Turkey by merchant ship at which time it was brought to England and then to America by way of other merchant ships. Ergo, the turkey.

ALL TOGETHER NOW

Next month, the MENA region shall be continued.